MBBS in India

MBBS in India photo of Taj Mahal
The Govt. of India has restructured the entire medical education system in India, which was very essential to bringing uniformity. So, as a part of this revamping, the NEET-UG Exam conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency) replaced the former AIPMT exam in 2017. It took almost 5 years of hearings of multiple petitions by the Supreme Court to eventually scrap the AIPMT exam. Currently, aspirants get seats in medical colleges for MBBS and dental on the basis of their rank in the NEET-UG exam.

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Change in Medical Colleges Footprint from 2014 to 2024
MBBS in India Change in Medical Colleges Footprint from 2014 to 2022

Medical Colleges and MBBS Seats Availability

Currently, there are more than 706 Indian medical colleges in India. Among these, 389 are government medical colleges, and the remaining 317 are private medical colleges. In these colleges, total seats for Academic Year 2024-25 are more than 1 lakh; if we further bifurcate, 56 thousandseats are held by government medical colleges, and the remaining 52 thousand seats are in private medical colleges. In the last 10 years, 327 medical colleges in India have been established, which account for nearly 50% of the total number of medical colleges. Karnataka has the highest count of MBBS seats among all Indian states, with 11745 MBBS seats, followed by Maharashtra (10845), Tamil Nadu (11600), and so on. You can refer the table given below for detailed information

Medical Colleges and MBBS Seats Availability

If we analyze the distribution of MBBS seats in India, we find that the southern part of India has the maximum number of seats, followed by the west, north, and East in that order. Due to the lower availability of seats and the higher number of applicants in UP and Bihar, the cutoff always goes on the higher side in comparison to Kerala and Tamil Nadu. For further clarity, here is a graphic representation of the number of MBBS Seats in each Indian state

Andaman & Nicobar Islands11114114
Andhra Pradesh181937323532506485
Arunachal Pradesh115050
Dadra & Nagar Haveli11177177
Himachal Pradesh718770150920
Jammu & Kashmir1111212471001347
Madhya Pradesh151227240024004800
Tamil Nadu3836745250635011600
Uttar Pradesh353368430356009903
West Bengal26935382514505275

49% of government medical colleges (192 out of 389) and 42% Private Medical colleges (135 out of 317) were established in the last 10 years. This number is around 41% of the total medical colleges in India. In last 5 Years total 24 Thousand Seats added which is 22% of Total Seats whereas almost 5.5 Lacs more aspirants took NEET which is more than 42% ! Because of gap in number of aspirants and Seats availability it is a distant dream to become Doctor from a Govt Medical college in India.

MBBS Seats Trends in last 5 Years

As only 54 thousand students get Govt seats in India against 21 Lacs appeared in NEET Exam Success Ratio is only 2.58%. If we add 50 thousand Private Seats with budget of 70 Lacs- 1.5Cr then still it becomes less than 5%, which is not at all affordable for a Middle Class Family. Those who could not secure Govt Seat and not having budget of 70 Lacs they still can become doctor from a Govt/ Public University from Abroad. These programs are English taught, within budget of 20-30 Lacs and approved by NMC and other Medical Bodies across the Global like ECFMG/WHO. And, surprisingly 18000+ students opt for MBBS through this route every year which is almost half of the Students getting admission in Govt Medical Colleges in India.

(in Lacs)
Chances of Seat (Govt.)Chances ofSeat (Govt.+Pvt)

Private Medical Colleges in India Vs MBBS Abroad

There are numerous benefits to the MBBS Abroad over study at Private Medical College in India. You can refer to the below table to understand the values we fetch in MBBS Abroad on various critical parameters, that are crucial before deciding the right path

Key ParameterMBBS AbroadPrivate Medical College
University TypePublic & Private BothOnly Private
World RankingAvailableNot Available
RecognitionWHO, WFME, ECFMG, US GMC,UK etcNMC and very few international recognition
Teaching ExperienceUp to 200 YearsMostly up to 10 Years
Tuition Fee 5/6 Years3-5 Lacs/Year(Affordable)8-15Lacs/Year(Expensive)
Global ExposureVery High, Students from across worldNo Exposure
Teaching MethodologySmall Groups of 15-20 Students in each batch, Test after every Conceptual Class100-150 students in a batch
Grading of AcademicsMostly European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)University Level, CBME
Opportunities for Global Medical PGUS, CANADA, Gulf Region, UK and other European Countries incl IndiaPrimarily India
Patient InteractionModerate to HighVery Less
Affiliated HospitalsMultiple Hospitals for different specialityCollege Hospital only

Indian Medical Colleges Teaching Experience

Being a Teaching faculty in India you must be have a Post Graduate degree as per NMC norms. Chances of a getting a PG Seat in any Govt Medical College is only 10% ( 1.8 Lacs doctors applied for 15 K Govt Seats Non Clinical and 8K in Clinical in 2022). Average Salaries in Medical College for teaching job makes it unattractive for any MD/MS Doctor. When it comes to educational institutions, it is an established fact that those colleges/universities with a good number of years of experience are always better. They have a strong academic background and well-experienced teachers.

In the case of the newly established medical colleges, it becomes hard to find the right faculty whose pedagogical abilities are at par with the standards set by NMC. Consequently, as many as 50% of posts of teaching faculty positions in these new medical colleges are vacant which leads to challenges in students’ learning process.Indian Medical Colleges Teaching Experience

Fee Structure of MBBS Colleges

Fee is a major factor when choosing a college. The Fee for any Medical Seat in India depends upon multiple factor like is it a Govt College, Private College or deemed University at the same time it also depends upon type of Seat like Government seats, Management seats and NRI seats. Even private medical colleges allocate some seats under government quota and the price is relatively lower than that of management seats in these colleges. The fee for MBBS in India for NRI seats is heavily priced.

In the table below, we are indicating MBBS in India fee structure of various types of medical colleges, viz. Autonomous Institute (AIIMS), Central University College, Deemed University College, Government Medical Colleges and Private Medical Colleges.

Type of CollegeGovt. SeatManagement SeatNRI Seat
Autonomous Institutes (AIIMS)Less than 1 LacN/AN/A
Central Univ. CollegesLess than 1 LacN/AN/A
Government Medical Colleges2-4 LacsN/A50-75 Lacs
Deemed Colleges50-60 Lacs75-90 Lacs1.25-1.75 CR
Private Medical Colleges20-40 Lacs60-70 Lacs1.25 CR

Indicating Fees are average course fee approved by Fee Regulation commission of respective state for under various Category . It is important to note that there may be other miscellaneous charges also.

You can find the Fees for Govt Seat, Management Seat and NRI Seat for all college in any state by clicking particular state name.

State Wise Fee Structure for Govt, Mngmt. and NRI Category (in lacs)
States And Union TerritoryGovt Med CollegePvt Med College
Govt SeatMngmt. SeatNRI SeatGovt SeatMngmt. SeatNRI Seat
Andaman & Nicobar Islands6.6     
Andhra Pradesh1.8  2.754.0162.0
Arunachal Pradesh1.1     
Bihar1.1  51.772.4106.4
Chandigarh1.2 87.0   
Chattisgarh4.6  18.936.5126.1
Dadra And Nagar Haveli3.0     
Delhi2.6  26.467.5131.6
Goa5.9 44.7   
Haryana7.6 76.450.062.3126.5
Himachal Pradesh6.4 72.043.573.4153.5
Jharkhand1.1  68.975.7183.5
Karnataka4.0  17.656.0160.3
Kerala1.8  38.366.4121.1
Madhya Pradesh5.5  60.661.4152.9
Maharashtra5.0  42.670.4188.5
Odisha2.3  54.070.4144.8
Punjab8.8 87.035.348.5131.5
Tamil Nadu1.3  27.667.4117.0
Telangana1.8  6.964.1128.4
Tripura5.5  20.352.9110.3
Pondicherry7.9 71.740.187.5106.3
Uttar Pradesh2.179.492.9 72.580.5
Uttarakhand14.2  68.575.586.6
West Bengal1.7  20.174.0154.4

Important Dates for NEET-UG 2024-25

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the NEET (UG) 2023 examination on Sunday,7th May 2023 in pen & paper mode. The examination will serve as a uniform entrance examination for MBBS admission and other stream like BDS/ BAMS/ BSMS/ BUMS/ BHMS and other undergraduate medical courses.

You can find the tentative date for NEET-UG 2023 & 2024 Exam

NEET exam notification15th Dec 202214th Sept 2023
NEET application form date by NTAMarch 23To be Announced
Last date to submit NEET application formApril 23To be Announced
NEET-UG Admit Card Release Date4th May 2023To be Announced
NEET Exam Date7th May 20235th May, 2024
NEET Result13th June 20242nd week of June, 2024

NEET-UG Exam Pattern 2024

Mode of NEET question paperPen and Paper-based (candidates are given an OMR sheet to mark the answers with a black/blue ballpoint pen)
Duration of the NEET exam3 hours
Language or Medium of ExamEnglish, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu
Question TypeMultiple Choice Questions
Total Number of Questions asked in NEETThe number of total questions in the NEET exam is 200 but aspirants have to attempt only 180 questions.5 Qus will be optional in each subjects
NEET marking scheme4 marks will be awarded for each right answer, One mark will be deducted for each wrong answer

NEET-UG Paper Pattern 2024

Total Que200180720

NEET- UG Counselling 2024

Counselling RoundDates
Announcement of Counseling Dates 202311th July
All India Quota seats / Deemed Universities/Central Universities (Round-1) 202315th-26th July
All India Quota seats / Deemed Universities/Central Universities (Round-2) 20238th-18th Aug
All India Quota seats / Deemed Universities/Central Universities (Mop Up Round) 202331st Aug – 6th Sept
All India Quota seats / Deemed Universities/Central Universities(Stray Round) 202318th Sept – 23rd Sept
State Counseling 2023 (Round-1 /Round-2 / Mop Up/ Stray Round)15th July- 15th Sept

Eligibility to participate in NEET-UG Counselling

NMC has defined 2 criteria which must be met for medical college admissions in India every year and same to be followed in 2024. These 2 criteria are score obtained in 12th Standard or equivalent grade and the NEET (UG) 2024 score.

12th Standard Eligibility Criteria

The candidate applying for NEET (UG) 2024 must have passed 10+2 or equivalent grade in science stream and have Biology (or Bio-technology), Physics and Chemistry as main subjects. The candidate must score a minimum of 50% marks in case he/she belongs to unreserved category, 45% marks in case of OBC category and 40% marks in case of SC/ST category. Moreover, the candidate must have completed age of 17 years by 31st of December of the year of enrollment.

NEET-UG 2024 Cut Off

Like previous years, the NEET (UG) Cut off for qualification will be 50 percentile for candidates from General category. Often the candidates confuse percentage with percentile system in this exam.

Please find the table below indicating Actual NEET-UG cut off for 2021 and 2022 and NEET 2023 Cut off

General (PwD)45th122105121
SC/ST/OBC (PwD)40th10893107

Seat Allocation Rounds in Counselling Process

Round – 1 – This is the main Counselling Registration which will be inclusive of payment of registration fee (Non-refundable) and Security Deposit (Refundable).Round – 2 – This round is meant for candidates who appeared in round-1 and could not get any allotted seat. The candidates do not have to register again in such a case. However, there are fresh registrations in Round – 2 for those candidates who did not appear for Round – 1.Mop – Up Round – This round is intended only for Deemed/ Central Universities: ESIC, AIIMS & JIPMER.Stray Vacancy Round –Stray Vacancy Round is intended for Deemed/Central Universities, AIIMS & JIPMER. There is no fresh registration for this round.

Eligibility and Deposits for Counselling

In the table below, we present precise Deposit amounts and Eligibility to participate in various Counselling rounds.

1.AIQ Round – 1/DeemedYes
2.AIQ – 2/DeemedIf not joinedIf joinedGovt –10k, Deemed – 2 Lacs
3.State Quota Round – 1Yes
4.State Quota Round – 2If not joinedIf joinedGovt –10k, Pvt– 1 lacs
5.State Quota Mop-up RoundIf joined
6.Deemed Mop-Up RoundIf joined

All India Counselling 2024

The MBBS Seat matrix 2024 available under All India Counselling System in India is given below

College TypeNo. of seats available for All India Counselling 2024
Autonomous Institute (AIIMS)2044
Central Universities Colleges319
State Govt. College6780
Deemed Univ. College6652
Private Medical College0
Total Seats15650

Below are illustrated the seats that are offered to candidates applying through All India Counselling

15% All India Quota seats MBBS/ BDS Seats of States (except Jammu & Kashmir)100% MBBS/ BDS Seats of BHU100% MBBS Seats of AIIMS across India100% JIPMER seats100% AMU85% of State Quota seats of DU/ I.P University (VMMC/ ABVIMS/ESIC Dental) for Delhi State100% -Faculty of Dentistry (Jamia Milia Islamia) along with 5% internal Quota of Jamia students15% IP quota seats of ESIC

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Reservation in All India Counselling 2024

A very important aspect that you, as an aspirant, need to understand is the policy of Reservation in force when it comes to admission through NEET-UG. The Central Government’s Reservation Policy governs the norms of reservation for all seats to be filled in the All India Counselling process. However, it may be different for various categories of Institutes like Autonomous, Central University Colleges, Deemed University Colleges and All India Quota.

The reservation policy currently in force for AIQ is –

CategoryReservation Percentage
SC (Scheduled Castes)15%
ST (Scheduled Tribes)7.5%
OBC (Other Backward Classes) (Non-Creamy Layer)27%
PwD (Persons with Disabilities)5% Horizontal Reservation
EWS (Economically Weaker Section)10%

NEET-UG State Counselling 2024

All Indian States conduct NEET-UG Counselling for MBBS admission in India for medical colleges present within their respective territories, of course, with exceptions (AIIMS, JIPMER, Deemed Univ. Colleges and few central Univ. Colleges). On the whole, there are more than 490 colleges (Govt. and private combined) that participat in NEET-UG State Counselling 2024. Summing it up, NEET-UG State Counselling 2024 will decide the allocation of 74465 total MBBS seats under various rounds.

In the table below, we present the numbers MBBS seats that fall under different sorts of medical colleges:

College TypeMBBS Seats under State Counselling
Autonomous Institute (AIIMS)0
Central Universities Colleges1035
State Govt College38355
Deemed Univ College0
Private Medical College35075
Total Seats74465

Reservation Policy in State Counselling 2024

The seat allocation of any medical college is subject to the All India Rank obtained by the candidate in the NEET-UG exam. Another factor influencing the prospects of seat allocation is the caste & category of the candidate applying. The central govt. has defined its reservation criteria for seats allocated via All India Counselling. Likewise, the constitutional law enables the Indian states as well to implement their own reservation criteria for allotment of seats via state quota.

As a result, a candidate belonging to a particular caste or category is likely to fall into different reservation categories during central and state Counselling procedures. To provide equal opportunities in the society, some states may also provide special reservations on the basis of geographical location, the minority status of a community, minority status on the basis of language, armed force personnel dependents, etc. Such cases have been observed in states like Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and so on. Many states also reserve seats for female candidates in categories mentioned above like Telangana, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, etc. There are also seats reserved for candidates hailing from PwD (Person with Disabilities) Quota.

Therefore, it becomes important for candidates to determine their caste or community as per their state domicile.

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