Study MBBS Abroad in 2024/25 | Country, Eligibility, Degree & other Factors

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Securing an MBBS seat in a government college in India is notoriously challenging due to inadequate infrastructure and a shortage of qualified faculty.

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Despite reforms, competition remains intense with over 21 lakh students vying for limited seats.

This high demand, coupled with exorbitant fees in private medical colleges, drives many students to pursue MBBS abroad. Studying abroad offers benefits such as lower tuition fees, better infrastructure, and global exposure. Popular destinations include Nepal, Russia, and Europe. For expert guidance on navigating the US medical pathway, consult Divine Education Abroad Consultancy.

To become a doctor in India, one needs either exceptional merit or substantial financial resources. Many students globally pursue their dreams and careers by traveling to different destinations. This migration trend typically flows from East to West, attracted by the superior infrastructure of universities, global exposure, and specialized career opportunities available in Western countries. When it comes to studying medicine, the motivations for Indian students to migrate differ significantly compared to those moving to English-speaking countries or Europe.

Securing an MBBS seat in a government college in India is notoriously challenging. The primary reasons are inadequate infrastructure and a shortage of qualified faculty in medical colleges. To address this, the Indian government has implemented reforms in the medical education sector, including relaxing norms for opening new medical colleges and modifying academic criteria for faculty members to increase the availability of MBBS seats. Despite these efforts, securing an MBBS seat remains a distant dream for many.

Government reports indicate that over 40% of non-clinical and 65% of clinical faculty positions remain vacant in medical colleges established within the past five years, severely impacting students’ education. Consequently, the hopes of medical aspirants diminish each year. In 2023, approximately 18,000 Indian students were enrolled in medical universities abroad, representing over one-third of private medical college students in India.

Difficult to get a Govt. Seat in India

India has been facing continuous challenges in its medical education infrastructure for decades, including the disconnect between education and health service delivery, the high cost of education, the underutilisation of existing resources, and the diversity of entrance examinations for medical seats, among others. Globally, there has been a constant drive to improve the doctor-to-population ratio to ensure better access to healthcare services.

In 2023, more than 21 Lacs students collectively appeared for India’s most prestigious Medical Entrance Exam NEET-UG to secure their MBBS Seat in 706 Govt and Private Medical colleges, approx. In the last five years, the government and private sectors added 185 medical colleges with 23000 seats. Despite these efforts, the chances of getting an MBBS Seat in India dropped from 6.68% to 5.29% in the last five years. This is because of the growing number of NEET UG aspirants and the slow-paced evolution of the medical education infrastructure, which can meet the ever-increasing demand for MBBS seats.

MBBS seats in India

As of the year 2023, India has 13.01 lakh registered allopathic doctors. It is expected that 10.4 Lacs, 80% of registered doctors, are active in public healthcare. India has a 1:1346 doctor-to-population ratio, far below the Global norm of 1:1000. The shortage of Healthcare professionals in India leads to the elevated demand for doctors.

You can refer to the below table to take a look at the MBBS Medical College’s trend-

YEARMBBS CollegesMBBS SeatsNEET Applicants (in Lacs)Govt. SeatGovt. + Pvt Seat

High tuition Fees in Private Medical Colleges in India

If we look at Indian Private Medical Colleges, they offer three types of seats: Govt Seat, Management Seat, and NRI Seat. Paying hefty amounts of 60 Lacs to 1.5 Cr made the dream of becoming a doctor almost next to impossible for a student belonging to a middle-class family. This dream even looks worth less for those who can afford it, as Private Medical College has a low inflow of patients,lacks quality infrastructure, and has ashortage of faculties.

Type of CollegeManagement SeatNRI Seat
Deemed University Colleges75-90 Lacs1.25-1.75 CR
Private Medical Colleges60-70 Lacs1.25 CR
MBBS Abroad UniversityNA25-40 Lacs

Moreover, the compulsion of clearing the NEXT Exam to get the License in India made the pathway even more complex for Private Medical college students. Nonetheless, students get to study at a Public University Abroad, holding more than 100 years of experience at an affordable price. Hence, MBBS Abroad is worth choosing over aPrivate Medical College in India.

medical college india

Advantages of MBBS Abroad

There are numerous benefits to the MBBS Abroad over studying at a Private Medical College in India. Please look at the table below to understand the values we fetch in MBBS Abroad on various crucial parameters before deciding the right path.

Key ParameterMBBS AbroadPvt Medical College
University TypePublic & Private BothOnly Private
World RankingAvailableNot Available
RecognitionWHO, WFME, ECFMG, US GMC, UK etcNMC and very few international recognition
Teaching ExperienceUp to 200 YearsMostly up to 10 Years
Tuition Fee2-5 Lacs / Year (Affordable)8-25 Lacs / Year (Expensive)
Global ExposureVery High, Students from across the worldNo Exposure
Teaching MethodologySmall Groups of 15-20 Students in each batch Test after every Conceptual Class100-150 students in a batch
Grading of AcademicsMostly European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)University Level, CBME
Opportunities for Global Medical PGUS, CANADA, Gulf Region, UK and other European Countries, IndiaPrimarily India
Patient InteractionModerate to HighVery Less
Affiliated HospitalsMultiple Hospitals for different specialityCollege Hospital only

MBBS Abroad destination

Students move to different destinations depending on their Budget, Education patterns, Cultural ties, Weather conditions, Food preferences, distance from India, etc.

Below are the Major destinations for MBBS Abroad. Click any country name for more information about the MBBS Program in a specific country.

MBBS Abroad destination

Countries for MBBS in Asia


Countries for MBBS in East Europe


Countries for MBBS in Europe

Czech RepublicLithuaniaUnited Kingdom

Countries for MBBS in America

Education Pattern of MBBS Abroad

Every country has a varied education system to deliver medical education to its students. Most Asian countries were colonies of the Western world in the last 150-200 Years. These countries adopted modern medicine (Allopathic Medicine) education from the Western world. Each country developed its Medical education based on community needs and long-term vision for the healthcare system post-independence. Broadly, there are three systems adopted by different countries, namely-

Asian Education System

Asian Education System

Asian countries follow the education system, which comprises a bachelor’s program with a duration of 4-1/2 or 5 years followed by an internship of 1 year, which makes a complete program of 5-1/2 to 6 years. Due to the low doctor-to-population ratio, these countries permit the students to practice independently after a Bachelor’s Degree. MBBS degree holders in Asian countries are considered General Physicians. The Academic Assessment is made every year in most countries. Basic Eligibility to enter the Bachelor’s Program is 10+2 / Senior Secondary with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

European Education System

European Education System

Balkan Countries / East European and EU countries award an MD, a Bachelor’s Degree. The duration of the MD Program is 6 Years, and internship / Clinical rotation is an integral part of regular study and continues over six years of studies. As most European countries have established Health Care Systems, each one follows the ECTS system, a European norm to make the system uniform across the EU countries. This system ensures minimum education standards across European universities and presents opportunities to transfer without any academic loss across EU countries.

The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is followed throughout the semester to make the students’ academic assessments. Basic Eligibility for the Medicine Bachelor’s Program is 10+2 / Senior Secondary with Chemistry, Biology and Physics. Many countries ask for mathematics as a subject, and in Europe, physics is considered equivalent to math. Any Graduate cannot practice unassisted; they must go for a Master’s Program to obtain the License to practice. However, this program is usually offered in their Native Language, while a few Universities deliver programs in French, a widely spoken language in Europe.

American Education System

The US, Canada, South American countries, and the Philippines follow the American system, where the student must do a Bachelor of Science (BS) program first, followed by a 4-year MD course. The Doctor of Medicine (MD) course consists of 2 years of Basic Medical Science (BMS) and 80 weeks/2 years of Clinical rotation. You must be a specialist to practice in the US, and an MD has to clear the USMLE Exam to get into the Residency Program (Master Program equivalent to MD/MS in India) to become a specialist. The Trimester system is utilised to make the academic assessment.

Duration, Degree awarded in MBBS Abroad

Refer to the table below for the MBBS/MD course duration and the Degree awarded after completion. Note thatAn MD degree is a bachelor’s Degree equivalent to anMBBS only.

*Reference has been taken from the World Directory of Medical School (WDOMS) site, respective University websites, etc.

CountryDuration of CourseDegree AwardedMedium of Instruction
Nepal4.5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
China5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
Bangladesh5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
Kazakhstan5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
Kyrgyzstan5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
Uzbekistan5+1 Year of InternshipMBBSEnglish
Russia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish / Bilingual
Georgia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Armenia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Egypt6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Poland6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Belarus6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Romania6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Slovakia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Bosnia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Lithuania6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Serbia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Czech Republic6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Latvia6-Year Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Caribbean5 Years Incl InternshipMDEnglish
Malaysia5 Year, No Internship for Foreign NationalsMBBSEnglish
Mauritius5 Year, No Internship for Foreign NationalsMBBSEnglish
Philippines2 Yrs BS+ 4.5 MD +1 Year InternshipMDEnglish

Eligibility for MBBS Abroad

Most Universities abroad follow specific benchmarks to admit international students for the MBBS/ MD course. All universities abroad deliver medicine programs in their native language for local students, bilingual programs for international students, and entirely in English for international students. International students are primarily admitted to the English Program, but agents often accept Indian students into the Bilingual Program, which NMC doesn’t approve. You must meet the criteria set by the respective University for admission and the NMC criteria to obtain the License to practice in India. Find the table given below to learn about Country admission criteria-

CountryAcademic Eligibility in 10+2 GradeNEET ScoreWritten Test / InterviewEligible to practice in India
Nepal50% in PCBQualifiedNoYes
ChinaDifferent criteria for all the Universities, Mostly 65%+ in PCBDifferent Scores for Different UniversityFew UnivYes
Bangladesh70% in 10th Grade & 60% PCBQualifiedNoYes
Kazakhstan50% in PCBQualifiedNoYes
Kyrgyzstan50% in PCBQualifiedNoYes
Uzbekistan50% in PCBQualifiedNoYes
Russia50% in PCBFew UnivFew UnivYes
Georgia50% in PCBFew UnivNoYes
Armenia50% in PCBFew UnivNoYes
Egypt70% in PCBFew UnivNoYes
Poland70% in PCBFew UnivYesYes
Belarus50% in PCBFew UnivYesYes
Romania50% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Slovakia50% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Bosnia50% in PCBNot ReqNoYes
Lithuania50% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Serbia50% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Czech Republic80% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Latvia50% in PCBNot ReqYesYes
Caribbean70% in PCBNot ReqNoNo
Malaysia50% in PCBQualifiedNoNo
Mauritius50% in PCBQualifiedNoNo
Philippines50% in PCBQualifiedNoNo

Academic eligibility and age criteria for MBBS Abroad are the same as in India; the only difference is the validity of the NEET Score, which is three years in the case of MBBS Abroad. For India, only the current year’s NEET score is valid for counselling.

GEN50% in PCBQualified in any 2022, 2023 or 2024 NEET Exam17 Years
ST/SC40% in PCB
OBC45% in PCB

Cost of MBBS Abroad

The cost of the MBBS Abroad program varies from 20 Lacs to 1 Cr based on the country and University selection. Hence, check your budget for the complete MBBS program before finalising any country or University Abroad. In addition, there may be variations in cost primarily because of the destination. The cost of the complete program is divided into three major categories –

  • Tuition Fee for MBBS Abroad
  • Hostel & Private Accommodation
  • Cost of Living Abroad

Tuition Fee for MBBS Abroad

The Tuition Fee for MBBS Abroad is uniform for all the students admitted to a particular program, irrespective of their nationality. The tuition fee for all the coming years before commencing the session remains constant. Usually, the MBBS tuition fee is the lowest for classes conducted in their native language, moderate for bilinguals, and highest for entirely English-taught courses.

Hostel & Private Accommodation

Most of the time, the University offers hostel accommodation to international students. These hostels have different categories of rooms, such as independent rooms, interior facilities, varied Infrastructure, attached washrooms, living space, shared rooms (2-4 students), etc. The hostel charges differ depending on the category of rooms. The hostels are allocated based on the availability of rooms when the student reaches the University. Each room comprises basic Infrastructure, including a bed-mattress, table, wardrobe, central heating system, etc.

If any individual desires a private apartment, they can opt for it too, at an actual cost. The cleaning of hostel rooms is the student’s responsibility. However, it is recommended that you pick the university hostel, considering the language barrier and lack of knowledge of city routes and local laws. Usually, the hostel’s charges typically range from 500 USD to 2500 USD annually, depending on the country.

Indian Food

Every hostel has a shared kitchen on every floor where the students can cook the food. The University provides a standard facility such as an Induction cooktop, Fridge, and Microwave ovenin the kitchen area. Above all, the utensils and other utilities must be fetched by the students. Students can join Indian Mess if it is available. Several Universities abroad offer Indian Mess; these messes are headed by private contractors that provide three meals – Breakfast, Lunch, and dinner. These messes are usually available in Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Bangladesh, Nepal, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan etc. The monthly cost of the mess will range from 100 to 150 USD, depending upon the no of meals.

Cost of Living Abroad

Cost of Living Abroad

The cost of living consists of all your expenses, including Personal expenses. Nonetheless, personal expense entirely depends upon a student’s needs and lifestyle. During the initial months, the fees will be increased as one needs to buy clothing, shoes, and other necessary items to settle down in a new environment. The average living cost of a student, excluding food, is around 80-100 USD a month. In the EU countries, this is on the higher side.

Medical License in India after MBBS Abroad

During MBBS study, a student realises the importance of being a specialist. They also understand the competitiveness of securing an MD / MS Seat in a Govt. College. Let’s look at the success ratio to get a PG Seat in Govt Medical Colleges in India, which is 11% broadly; we can say that only 1 out of 10 will get a PG Seat, whereas the chances of getting Clinical speciality is 1 out of 20 applicants. The PG journey will be challenging, or students should have enough money to get a paid seat in Pvt Medical College in Crores!

Total Applicants NEET PG 2023SpecialtyGovt Med CollegePvt Med College
SeatsSuccess RatioSeats
2.06 Lacs
MD (Non Clinical)15K8.6%10K
MS (Clinical)8K4.6%5K

Will early preparation and the right mentorship pave your dream of becoming a specialist? NMC has already announced the introduction of the NEXT Exam in India in 2024. This Exam will replace all Medical PG exams in India. The Exam will be conducted in two parts: NEXT-1 and NEXT-2.

The Objective of the NEXT-1 is to assess the Student’s Knowledge of Pre, Para, and Clinical Subjects on the National Level. Only after qualifying for NEXT-1 will any medical student be eligible for an internship. After completing the internship, Students must go through NEXT-2, assessing their Clinical skills, Patient Management, and Keeping Medical history. Those who will Clear NEXT-2 will be awarded a license to practice, and Rankers of NEXT-1 will get PG seats of their choice of speciality.


Choosing to pursue an MBBS, whether in India or abroad, requires careful consideration of various factors, including costs, quality of education, and long-term career goals. While securing a seat in India remains highly competitive, exploring options abroad can provide valuable opportunities for many aspiring doctors.

Consult Divine Education Abroad Consultancy for the right advice.

Is it challenging to secure an MBBS seat in India?

Yes, securing an MBBS seat in a government college in India is highly challenging due to inadequate infrastructure and a shortage of qualified faculty in medical colleges. Despite reforms, the availability of seats remains limited.

What are the primary reasons for the difficulty in getting an MBBS seat in India?

The main reasons include insufficient infrastructure, a shortage of qualified faculty, and the high number of applicants. The number of NEET applicants far exceeds the available seats, making the competition intense.

How many students apply for NEET, and what are the chances of getting a seat?

In 2024, over 24 lakh students appeared for NEET-UG to compete for MBBS seats in 706 government and private medical colleges. The chances of securing a seat have decreased from 6.68% to 4.03% over the last five years due to the growing number of aspirants.

What is the current doctor-to-population ratio in India?

India has approximately 13.01 lakh registered allopathic doctors, with about 10.4 lakh actively working in public healthcare, resulting in a doctor-to-population ratio of 1:1346, which is below the global norm of 1:1000.

What are the types of seats available in private medical colleges in India, and what are their costs?

Private medical colleges in India offer government seats, management seats, and NRI seats. The costs range from INR 60 lakhs to INR 1.5 crore, making it difficult for middle-class families to afford.

Why is MBBS abroad considered a better option for some students?

MBBS abroad is often more affordable and provides better infrastructure, quality education, and international exposure. Many foreign universities have over 100 years of experience in medical education and offer degrees recognized globally.

What are the benefits of studying MBBS abroad compared to private medical colleges in India?

Studying MBBS abroad offers several benefits, including lower tuition fees, better infrastructure, global exposure, opportunities for international internships, and degrees recognized by international medical councils.

Which countries are popular destinations for Indian students pursuing MBBS abroad?

Popular destinations include Nepal, Mauritius, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, China, Egypt, and several European countries like Russia, Georgia, and Poland.

What is the typical duration of an MBBS program abroad?

The duration varies by country. For example, in Nepal and Bangladesh, the program is 5 years plus a 1-year internship, while in European countries, it typically lasts 6 years including internship.

What are the eligibility criteria for MBBS abroad?

Eligibility criteria generally include a minimum of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in 10+2, a valid NEET score, and sometimes additional entrance exams or interviews. Proficiency in English is also required.

What is the cost of studying MBBS abroad?

The cost of studying MBBS abroad ranges from INR 20 lakhs to INR 4 crore, depending on the country and university. This includes tuition fees, accommodation, and living expenses.

Can students practice in India after completing their MBBS abroad?

Yes, students can practice in India after completing their MBBS abroad by passing the Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE) or the upcoming National Exit Test (NEXT), which will be mandatory from 2024.

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