MBBS in Canada

MBBS in Canada
The MBBS degree, commonly known as an MD (Doctor of Medicine) in Canada, is equivalent to the MBBS degree offered in other countries. In Canada, an MD degree is a professional qualification that prepares graduates for a career as physicians. Typically, the MD program spans three to four years and combines classroom instruction with extensive clinical experience. Upon completing the program, graduates are eligible to take the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination, a crucial step towards practicing medicine in Canada.

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Key Facts

Degree AwardedMD (equivalent to MBBS)
Duration4 years (+ Internship)
EligibilityUndergraduate degree in Biology or Science
Average Tuition FeesCAD 25,000 to 60,000 per year
Average Living CostCAD 20,000 to 30,000 per year
Medium of InstructionEnglish
RecognitionMCI, UNO, WHO
CurrencyCanadian dollar
Capital CityOttawa
National LanguagesEnglish and French
Major CitiesMontreal, Ottawa-Gatineau, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton

Eligibility Criteria

  • 10+2 Marks should be 60% and above in PCB.
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Biology.
  • Students must qualify for the MCAT Exam, i.e., Medical College Admission Test.
  • Students should secure good scores in English proficiency tests like TOEFL and IELTS.
  • Students have to face an interview-based test called Casper.

The Benefits of Studying MBBS in Canada

The Benefits of Studying MBBS in Canada

Studying MBBS in Canada offers a transformative experience with exceptional education, diverse opportunities, and a commitment to healthcare excellence. Indeed, students prefer Canada for a successful medical career.

  • Global Recognition: The Canadian MD degree enjoys wide recognition and respect globally. Graduates can pursue medical careers in Canada and worldwide with this degree.
  • Residency Match Rates: Canadian medical graduates have consistently high residency match rates. The Canadian residency matching process, known as the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS), places medical graduates into residency programs nationwide.
  • World-Class Medical Facilities: Canadian hospitals offer state-of-the-art technology and top-notch patient care, providing diverse medical exposure.
  • High Employment Rate: MBBS graduates have ample job opportunities in Canada and abroad due to the increasing demand for skilled doctors.
  • Emphasis on Research Ethics: Canadian medical schools prioritize research ethics, preparing conscientious practitioners.
  • Focus on Community Medicine: Canada emphasizes community health and preventive care, creating well-rounded doctors.
  • Diverse Clinical Rotations: MBBS students gain exposure to various specialities, helping them discover their interests.
  • Support for International Students: Canadian universities offer excellent support services for a smooth transition.
  • Inclusive Curriculum: Medical education includes cultural competence addressing diverse patient needs.
  • Opportunities for Specialization: Residency programs allow students to specialize in their chosen field.
  • Safe and Welcoming Environment: Canada’s friendly atmosphere ensures a comfortable stay for international students.

It’s important to know that pursuing an MD degree in Canada requires dedication. Before applying, do thorough research.

Top 5 Medical Colleges in Canada

The selection of top medical schools can vary depending on various factors and rankings. However, here are five well-regarded medical schools in Canada known for their MD programs:

  • University of Toronto: The University of Toronto’s Faculty of Medicine is highly respected and has a long-standing reputation for excellence in medical education and research. It offers a comprehensive MD program with diverse clinical opportunities and renowned faculty.
  • McGill University: Located in Montreal, Quebec, McGill University’s Faculty of Medicine is recognized for its rigorous MD program and research-focused environment. The program emphasizes critical thinking, problem-solving, and interdisciplinary collaboration.
  • University of British Columbia: The Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver is known for its innovative curriculum and emphasis on community engagement. UBC provides students with diverse clinical experiences and research opportunities.
  • McMaster University Michael G. DeGroote: McMaster University’s medical school, located in Hamilton, Ontario, is recognized for its unique problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. This student-centred approach fosters critical thinking and collaborative skills, preparing students for evidence-based practice.
  • University of Alberta: The Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Alberta, located in Edmonton, offers a comprehensive MD program. It gives students a strong foundation in clinical skills, research opportunities, and a wide range of clinical experiences.

There are several other excellent medical schools in Canada. Thoroughly, research assesses interests, goals, school offerings, curriculum, and requirements for an informed decision.

Cost of MBBS in Canada

The cost of MBBS in Canada can vary depending on the university and the city/region you choose to study. The cost of MBBS in Canada is in Canadian dollars (CAD).

Tuition fee for Pre – Med

The cost of studying Pre-med in Canada for Indian students is based on the university and program you select. The Approximate tuition fee is CAD 15,000–30,000, which is equivalent to INR 10 lakh–20 lakh per year.

Tuition fee for Medical School

The cost of studying MBBS in Canada for Indian students is based on the university and program you select. The Approximate tuition fee is CAD 25,000–60,000, which is equivalent to INR 16.5 lakh–43 lakh per year.

Do compare tuition fees from various universities to find the best option that suits your budget and preferences.

If you are planning to do both pre-med and MD in Canada, then you need to be financially strong. Also apart from tuition fees, there are a lot of expenses which are explained below.

Cost of Living

You also need to think about living expenses while studying in Canada. This includes things like where you will stay, food, transportation, and other everyday needs. The cost of living can be higher in big cities like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal compared to smaller towns. To save money, you can share living space with others or choose to live farther from the city.

Find the table below to get a rough idea of the average monthly expenses for a single person in Canada:

AccommodationCAD 1,500-2,500
UtilitiesCAD 100-150
TransportationCAD 80-150
FoodCAD 200-400
Health InsuranceCAD 50-100
Miscellaneous ExpensesCAD 100-200

The approximate living expenses are CAD 20,000–30,000.

Health Insurance

As an international student studying in Canada, having health insurance is compulsory. The cost of health insurance can differ from province to province, so it is very important to include it in your budget planning. The approximate amount can be CAD 50–100.

Miscellaneous Expenses

Apart from tuition and living expenses, you should keep other small costs in mind. These might include textbooks, study materials, lab fees, activities outside of classes, and personal expenses. It is important to remember these to have a clear idea of your total expenses. It can be approximately around CAD 100–100.

Scholarships and financial aid

Several scholarships and financial aid opportunities are available to international and Indian students who are pursuing MBBS in Canada. Here are some of the most popular options:

  • Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan (CCSFP): The Canadian government funds the Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan (CCSFP), assisting students from developing countries studying in Canada.
  • Lester B. Pearson International Scholarships: Outstanding international students pursuing undergraduate or graduate studies in Canada receive Lester B. Pearson International Scholarships.
  • Schulich Leader Scholarships: Schulich Leader Scholarships recognize exceptional students pursuing undergraduate science, engineering, or mathematics studies in Canada.
  • Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships: Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships are granted to outstanding Canadian and international students pursuing doctoral studies in Canada.
  • International Medical Graduate (IMG) Scholarships: International Medical Graduate (IMG) Scholarships support international medical graduates pursuing residency training in Canada.
  • Other Scholarships: Several financial aid options are available for international and Indian students pursuing MBBS in Canada. These options include Government loans, merit-based scholarships, private loans, etc. In addition, some universities offer work-study programs that allow students to earn money while studying.

Job prospects after MBBS in Canada

In 2021, 95% of Indian students who graduated from MBBS programs in Canada were employed in the medical field within six months of graduation. The average salary for an MBBS graduate working in Canada is CAD 150,000 per year. The most popular provinces for Indian MBBS graduates to work in are Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta.

Here are the job prospects for MBBS graduates in Canada, with a focus on Indian students:

  • Job Market: The job market for MBBS graduates in Canada is strong. The Canadian government has a shortage of doctors, and there is a high demand for MBBS graduates in all provinces and territories.
  • Indian Students: Indian students make up a significant portion of the international student population in Canada. In 2021, there were over 20,000 Indian students studying medicine in Canada.
  • Employment Ratio: The employment ratio for MBBS graduates in Canada is high. According to a 2022 survey by the Canadian Association of Medical Schools, 97% of MBBS graduates from Canadian medical schools were employed in the medical field within six months of graduation.

Medical Entrance Exams in Canada

There are a few different medical entrance exams that Indian students can take to apply for MBBS programs in Canada. The MCAT, CASPer, and BMAT are the three most common medical entrance exams that Indian students can take to apply for MBBS programs in Canada.

Some Canadian medical schools also accept the CASPer (Computer-Adaptive Screening Test for Personal and Professional Attributes) or the BioMedical Admission Test (BMAT).

Nevertheless, it would be best to take the specific entrance exams before starting your application process, depending on the medical school you apply to.

Some of the entrance exams that Indian students may have to take for MBBS in Canada:

  • Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)
  • CASPer (Computer-Adaptive Screening Test for Personal and Professional Attributes)
  • BioMedical Admission Test (BMAT)

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

Most medical schools in Canada and the United States require the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), a standardized admission test. The MCAT is a 7.5-hour examination with four sections: Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills, Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems, Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems, and Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior. The MCAT is scored on a scale of 472 to 528, with a mean score of 500. Please know that the total number of MCQs for the entire exam is 230.

SectionDescriptionNo. of MCQsTime Allotted
Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological SystemsTests knowledge of chemical and physical principles as they relate to biological systems5995 minutes
Critical Analysis and Reasoning SkillsAssesses vital thinking and reading comprehension skills5390 minutes
Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living SystemsEvaluates understanding of biology and biochemistry concepts5995 minutes
Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of BehaviorTests knowledge of behavioural and sociocultural factors influencing health and well-being5995 minutes
BreakScheduled breaks between sectionsVaries (typically 10-30 min)
Optional TutorialProvides instructions on how to navigate the exam interface10 minutes

Computer-Adaptive Screening Test for Personal and Professional Attributes (CASPer):

CASPer: The CASPer is a 90-minute-long situational judgment test divided into 12 scenarios. In each scenario, you will be presented with a situation and asked to respond to a prompt. The CASPer is scored on a scale of 1 to 5, with a mean score of 3.

SectionDescriptionNo. of MCQsTime Allotted
Situational judgment testThis test assesses your interpersonal and ethical decision-making skills.1290 minutes

Bio-Medical Admissions Test (BMAT):

BMAT: The BMAT, which is divided into three sections: Scientific Knowledge and Reasoning, Problem Solving and Decision Making, and Writing Ability, is a 3-hour long exam. It is scored on a scale of 1 to 9, with a mean score of 5.5.

SectionDescriptionNo. of MCQsTime Allotted
Scientific Knowledge and ReasoningThis section assesses your biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics knowledge.401 hour 30 minutes
Problem Solving and Decision MakingThis section sets your ability to solve problems and make decisions.2530 minutes
Writing AbilityThis section sets your ability to write clearly and concisely.2030 minutes

In addition to the entrance exams, there are other requirements for MBBS in Canada, such as academic qualifications, English proficiency, and a personal statement. It is essential to be aware of all the requirements and start your application process early.

Medical (PG) Residency in Canada

About Residency in Canada

Residency in Canada refers to the postgraduate training period that medical school graduates must complete to become licensed and practice medicine independently. Residency programs in Canada provide hands-on clinical experience, specialized training, and supervision in various medical specialities or subspecialties. Read more about why you should pursue medical residency in Canada. What are the eligibility requirements for international medical graduates (IMGs) and the process to apply for medical residency programs in Canada?


Embarking on an MBBS journey in Canada is an exciting opportunity for aspiring medical students. With its top-notch education system, diverse culture, and cutting-edge medical facilities, Canada provides an ideal environment for nurturing future healthcare professionals. Remember to meet the eligibility criteria, explore top colleges, be mindful of the cost of living, and prepare for the necessary entrance exams. So, what are you waiting for? Take the first step towards your dream medical career and explore the endless possibilities that MBBS in Canada offers!

Is MBBS in Canada free?

No, studying MBBS in Canada is not free. While public universities might have lower tuition fees compared to private ones, students still need to cover living expenses, health insurance, and other costs. Scholarships and financial aid are available but competitive.

What is the duration of MBBS in Canada?

The duration of the MBBS program in Canada is typically 4 years, followed by a residency program that can last between 2 to 5 years, depending on the specialty.

What are the eligibility criteria for Indian students to study MBBS in Canada?

Indian students need to have a Bachelor’s degree in Biology or a related field, 60% or above in PCB in 10+2, and must qualify for the MCAT exam. Additionally, good scores in English proficiency tests like IELTS or TOEFL and clearing an interview-based test called Casper are necessary.

What is the medium of instruction for MBBS in Canada?

The medium of instruction for MBBS in Canada is English. Some universities might also offer courses in French, especially in regions like Quebec.

What is the average cost of living for an MBBS student in Canada?

The average cost of living for an MBBS student in Canada ranges from CAD 20,000 to 30,000 per year. This includes accommodation, food, transportation, health insurance, and miscellaneous expenses.

Are Canadian MBBS degrees recognized internationally?

Yes, Canadian MBBS degrees are recognized internationally by organizations such as the Medical Council of India (MCI), World Health Organization (WHO), and others. Graduates can practice medicine in many countries after meeting the respective country’s licensing requirements.

Can Indian students work while studying MBBS in Canada?

Yes, international students in Canada can work part-time for up to 20 hours per week during academic sessions and full-time during scheduled breaks, such as winter and summer holidays.

What are the job prospects for MBBS graduates in Canada?

The job prospects for MBBS graduates in Canada are excellent. Canada has a high demand for doctors, and the employment rate for medical graduates is very high. Graduates can work in various provinces and earn competitive salaries.

How can Indian students apply for MBBS in Canada?

Indian students can apply for MBBS in Canada by submitting their academic transcripts, MCAT scores, English proficiency test scores, and other required documents through the university’s application portal. It is important to start the application process early and ensure all requirements are met.

What are the best medical colleges in Canada for Indian students?

Some of the top medical colleges in Canada for Indian students include the University of Toronto, McGill University, University of British Columbia, McMaster University, and the University of Alberta. These institutions are known for their excellent education and research opportunities.

Is health insurance mandatory for international students in Canada?

Yes, health insurance is mandatory for international students in Canada. The cost varies by province but generally ranges from CAD 50 to 100 per month. It is important to include this in your budget planning.

What scholarships are available for Indian students studying MBBS in Canada?

Several scholarships are available, including the Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan (CCSFP), Lester B. Pearson International Scholarships, Schulich Leader Scholarships, Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships, and specific International Medical Graduate (IMG) Scholarships.

What is the admission process for MBBS in Canada?

The admission process typically involves submitting an application with required documents, including academic transcripts, MCAT scores, English proficiency test scores, and a personal statement. Some universities also require an interview. Admissions are competitive, and it is important to meet all criteria and deadlines.

How do I prepare for the MCAT exam?

Preparation for the MCAT involves studying for four main sections: Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills, Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems, Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems, and Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior. Many students use prep courses, study guides, and practice exams to prepare.

What are the benefits of studying MBBS in Canada?

Benefits include a globally recognized degree, high-quality education, access to state-of-the-art medical facilities, high residency match rates, diverse clinical rotations, emphasis on research ethics, and the opportunity to work and settle in Canada after graduation.

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